Recent Issue – Vol 86, No 4 – December 2013

♦♦Special Issue ♦♦

Decentralized Governance and Urban Change in Asia

Guest Editors: Michelle Ann Miller and Tim Bunnell

Introduction: Problematizing the Interplay between Decentralized Governance and the Urban in Asia

Michelle Ann Miller, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Tim Bunnell, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Keywords: Decentralization, governance, urban, Asia

Asia is the most populous and rapidly urbanizing region in the world today and features 23 of the world’s 40 biggest metropolitan areas. In many Asian countries, accelerated economic development, industrialization and urbanization have been accompanied by a growing acceptance that decentralization (the devolution of central state powers, responsibilities and resources to the sub-national scale)4 can lead to more effective and responsive governance in state, provincial, city and regency jurisdictions. This trend toward decentralized governance in Asia has often, but not always, been precipitated by a transition away from authoritarian regimes to more democratic forms of governance. Discourses about the desirability of democratic decentralization have typically emphasized the devolution of central state authority as the preferred means by which to empower communities and to increase the voice and participation of ordinary citizens in governmental decision-making processes that affect their lives and livelihoods. Thus, decentralization policies in urbanizing Asia have aimed to encourage the active involvement of urban residents in addressing shared dilemmas concerning issues such as environmental sustainability, public service delivery, community building and socio-political stability in often densely concentrated and ethnically diverse populations. At the same time, however, decentralization within the contexts of globalization and privatization may circumvent critical aspects of democratic procedure if sub-national government officials use their increased access to state power and resources to nurture clientelistic networks of patronage and/or to tap into wider circles of regional or global economic activity at the expense of local urban development. Purchase Article

Decentralizing Governance in a Transborder Urban Age: East Asia and the Busan–Fukuoka ‘Common Living Sphere’

Busan Fukuoka - Douglass - image2

Mike Douglass, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Keywords: Decentralization, governance, city regions, transborder, Busan, Korea, Fukuoka, Japan

The devolution of political power to local governments is taking new directions as cities begin to look beyond national borders to create economic synergies with city regions in other countries rather than continuing to look to linkages with their capital cities for economic benefits. In East Asia the search for transborder urban linkages comes at a time when secondary cities in higher income countries are confronting major social and economic transformations. These new trends include: the rise of China in the global economy, the turn toward neoliberal downsizing of government, demographic transitions toward declining, rapidly aging populations with a diminishing labour force compensated partly by the large-scale recruitment of foreign workers and foreign spouses. The combined result of the new dynamics is that just when political power is being devolved to the urban scale, the global trend of “shrinking cities” has reached them. The discussion focuses on recent initiatives of the local governments of Busan,OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA South Korea, and Fukuoka, Japan, to build a “common living sphere” through transborder linkages to provide a culturally rich, people-centered alternative that contrasts with the high-technology industrial clusters being planned for them from their corporatized capital cities. In addition to economic issues, cities engaged in such transborder initiatives challenge the meaning of national borders and citizenship while also confronting new issues in accommodating the appearance of multicultural societies, which have all remained outside of mainstream discussions on decentralization.

Abstract in Chinese – 摘要 Purchase Article

Decentralized Urban Governance and Environmental Collaboration in South Korea: The Case of Hyundai City

Yooil Bae, Singapore Management University, SingaporeHyundai City - Bae - image2

Keywords: South Korea, decentralization, environmental governance, Ulsan

This paper explores how decentralization has created a “local political arena” and has been transforming governance in the environmental management sector in South Korea. Korea has been known as a developmental state where the strong central government and businesses have conspicuously dominated during most of its industrialization period. Yet, the deepened democracy, global competitiveness and fiscal austerity have pressured central political stakeholders to devolve highly centralized functions and authority to local bodies since the mid-1990s. The building of democratic institutions at the local level, including directly elected mayors and city councils, has created room for local politics and diminished central political leverage over local affairs. The national economic crisis has highlighted the inefficiency of the centralized system and encouraged further administrative and fiscal decentralization under the democratic governments. In this issue image_86_4_Baecontext, while the central government and big businesses continue to have a significant say in policy making, local executives, with their expanded decisional authority and resources, are trying to improve the images of their cities and to take responsibility for promoting urban economies and improving quality of life in the age of trans-border links and competition. This paper analyzes the case of Ulsan, where Hyundai and several other conglomerates are located and which has been a symbol of state-led industrialization during most of the development period. Despite the large role played by the centre in the development of Ulsan, the empowered mayor of the city has successfully turned citizens’ attention to post-industrial aspects of governance for ensuring the future competitiveness of the city in global markets by orchestrating collaborative implementation of environmental policies. The paper explores how this governance shift in Ulsan has led successful collaborative environmental change by mobilizing local businesses, civic organizations and general citizens who might not have been interested in the making of an “environment-friendly city.” Abstract in Chinese – 摘要 Purchase Article

Hwy Urbanization - Balak - image1Highway Urbanization and Land Conflicts: The Challenges to Decentralization in India

Sai Balakrishnan, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA

Keywords: Highway urbanization, land conversion, land conflicts, cooperatives, parastatals, regional institutions

Much of the urban growth in developing countries is taking place along infrastructure corridors that connect cities. The villages along these corridors are frenzied and contested sites for the consolidation and conversion of agricultural lands for urban uses. The scale of changes along these corridors is larger than the political jurisdiction of local governments, and new regional institutions are emerging to manage land consolidations at this corridor scale. This article compares two inter-urban highways in India and the issue image_86_4_Hwy Urbanization - Balakrishnanhybrid regional institutions that manage them: the Bangalore- Mysore corridor, regulated by parastatals, and the Pune-Nashik corridor, by cooperatives. It traces the emergence of parastatals and cooperatives to the turn of the twentieth century, the ways in which these old institutions are being reworked to respond to the contemporary challenges of highway urbanization, and the winners and losers under these new institutional arrangements. I use the term “negotiated decentralization” to more accurately capture the back-and-forth negotiations between local, regional and state-level actors that leads to context-specific regional institutions like the parastatals and cooperatives. Abstract in Chinese – 摘要 Purchase Article

What Has Urban Decentralization Meant? A Case Study of Delhi

Decentralized Delhi - Mehra - image1Diya Mehra, South Asian University, New Delhi, India

Keywords: Delhi, urban decentralization, Bhagidari, governance, politics

Since 2000 in New Delhi, urban decentralization has mainly come in the form of the highly visible Bhagidari or partnership scheme, inviting city residents to participate in a “process of dialogue and the discovery of joint-solutions.” This paper critically examines this program between 2000 and 2012, through the experiences of primarily middle-class neighbourhood organizations (called Resident Welfare Associations, or RWAs) that were included in the scheme. The paper argues that rather than constitutional decentralization, Bhagidari as an initiative must be read in terms of a larger shift to entrepreneurial governance. Bhagidari’s success has been in delegating management to voluntary middle-class neighbourhood associations called RWAs, at little cost to city government, while seemingly opening up a “participatory” space for middle-class urban issue image_86_4_Decentralized Delhi_Mehraresidents in civic affairs. However, the article argues that Bhagidari’s impact has come to represent an attempt at harnessing and managing the new middle-class aspiration to engage with urban government for administrative and political ends. In this context, Bhagidari has also been seen as an important means of cultivating middle-class consent and a constituency through courting RWAs for an ambitious chief executive. Over time, this has become a common strategy for building political and civic visibility for a range of actors, and thus the number of RWAs has proliferated. Abstract in Chinese – 摘要 Purchase Article

Decentralization China - Hoffman - image1Decentralization as a Mode of Governing the Urban in China: Reforms in Welfare Provisioning and the Rise of Volunteerism

Lisa Hoffman, University of Washington, Tacoma, USA

Keywords: Urban China, Foucault, Decentralization, Volunteerism, Philanthropy, Subject Formation

This paper considers what a Foucauldian-informed analysis of decentralization and urban transformation offers to current debates. It analyzes decentralization as a new regime of governing, in contrast to many studies that treat it as a policy process, objective or outcome aimed at alleviating some problem of centralized authority. Rather than understanding decentralization as less state governance, this paper asks how practices such as local autonomy are in fact technologies of governing the urban. Decentralization is analyzed then not simply as an absence of some central state power, either in the political or fiscal realm, but rather, as new mechanisms of governing the urban, which are linked with the regulation and constitution of subjects. The paper focuses on an aspect of decentralization that typically is under-examined: the decentralization of welfare provisioning in urban China. Under high socialism of the Maoist era, social services for urban residents were distributed by the state, through the work unit (danwei) as part of the planned economy. In recent years, however, major reforms have been put into place to diversify the ways in which social services are delivered, under a general rubric of decentralizing the distribution away from the state. Based on anthropological research in Dalian, a major port city in northeast China, this paper examines a new social practice and subject form that has emerged with new ways of caring for those in need in the city: volunteerism. By focusing on this resulting social form, the paper argues that we may better understand how decentralization is not a singular process with multiple outcomes, but rather, a complex assemblage of elements that includes technical questions about how to govern as well as normative practices of subject formation. An analytical disaggregation of these elements also allows us to avoid the assumption that decentralization necessarily contains certain characteristics, or that it will lead to particular kinds of political and social forms. Abstract in Chinese – 摘要 Purchase Article

Urban Development in a Decentralized Indonesia: Two Success Stories?

Tim Bunnell, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Michelle Ann Miller, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Nicholas A. Phelps, University College London, London, UK
John Taylor, Independent Scholar, Jakarta, Indonesia

Keywords: Indonesia, decentralization, regional autonomy, Solo, Surabaya

Urban Development Indonesia - Bunnell - image2The year 2011 marked the tenth anniversary of the implementation of Indonesia’s regional autonomy laws. This paper considers implications of more than a decade of decentralized governance for urban development in Indonesia. After a brief historical overview and consideration of the rationale for political and administrative decentralization issue image_86_4_Bunnellin that national context, we examine a range of critical perspectives on policy outcomes. Both media coverage and academic analyses have overwhelmingly cast decentralized governance as it has been implemented in Indonesia in a negative light. As a corrective to this, we have sought to identify positive outcomes and possibilities associated with Indonesia’s large-scale decentralization project. In particular, we detail the cases of two cities which have been cast in a variety of rankings and media representations as success stories of urban development through decentralized governance: Solo (or Surakarta as the city is also formally named) and Surabaya. In the final section of the paper, we critically evaluate these two cases and discuss their wider implications. Abstract in Chinese – 摘要 Purchase Article


Books Reviewed in this issue

Asia General

THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS AND ASIA: Implications and Challenges. Edited by Masahiro Kawai, Mario B. Lamberte and Yung Chul Park. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. xvii, 324 pp. (Figures, tables.) £55.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-19-966095-7. Reviewed by Youngwon Cho

FOREIGN AID COMPETITION IN NORTHEAST ASIA. Edited by Hyosook Kim and David M. Potter. Sterling, VA: Kumarian Press, an imprint of Sylus Publishing, 2012. xii, 245 pp. (Figures, tables.) US$27.50, paper. ISBN 978-1-56549-496-1. Reviewed by Marie Söderberg

TOWARD A HISTORY BEYOND BORDERS: Contentious Issues in Sino- Japanese Relations. Edited by Daqing Yang et al. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center; Harvard University Press [distributor], 2012. xi, 472 pp. (Tables, figures.) US$49.95, cloth. ISBN 978-0-674-06256-6. Reviewed by Jens Sejrup

MODERN WOMEN IN CHINA AND JAPAN: Gender, Feminism and Global Modernity Between the Wars. By Katrina Gulliver. London: IB Tauris; New York: distributed by Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. vii, 189 pp, [4] pp. of plates. (B&W illus.) US $90.00.00, cloth. ISBN 978-1-84885-939-5. Reviewed by Joan Judge

ASIAN POPULAR CULTURE IN TRANSITION. Routledge Contemporary Asia Series; 36. Edited by Lorna Fitzsimmons and John A. Lent. London; New York: Routledge, 2013. xii, 187 pp. (Tables, figures.) US$135.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-415-69284-7. Reviewed by Timothy Iles

ECOAMBIGUITY: Environmental Crises and East Asian Literatures. By Karen Laura Thornber. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2012. xii, 688 pp. (B&W photos.) US$85.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-472-11806-9. Reviewed by Dafna Zur

THE WARS FOR ASIA, 1911–1949. By S.C.M. Paine. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. xvi, 487 pp. (Maps.) C$38.95, cloth. ISBN 978-1-107- 02069-6. Reviewed by Tosh Minohara

EXTERNAL INTERVENTION AND THE POLITICS OF STATE FORMATION: China, Indonesia, and Thailand, 1893–1952. By Ja Ian Chong. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. x, 293 pp. (Tables, graphs maps.); US$96.95, cloth., ISBN: 978-1-107-01375-9. Reviewed by Ang Cheng Guan

China and Inner Asia

CONTEMPORARY CHINESE POLITICAL THOUGHT: Debates and Perspectives. Edited by Fred Dallmayr and Zhao Tingyang. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2012. vii, 295 pp. US$50.00, cloth. ISBN 978- 0-8131-3642-4. Reviewed by Stella Xu

CHINA EXPERIMENTS: From Local Innovations to National Reform. By Ann Florini, Hairong Lai, Yeling Tan. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2012. xii, 216 pp. (Tables.) US$29.95, paper. ISBN 978-08157-2200-7. Reviewed by Stephen Trott

THE RISE OF CHINA VS. THE LOGIC OF STRATEGY. By Edward N. Luttwak. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2012. ix, 310 pp. US$26.95, cloth. ISBN 978-0-674-06642-7. Reviewed by S. Mahmud Ali

SOCIAL PROTEST AND CONTENTIOUS AUTHORITARIANISM IN CHINA. By Xi Chen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. xiii, 241 pp. (Tables, figures.) US$95.00, cloth. ISBN 978-1-107-01486-2. Reviewed by Sophia Woodman

SINO-RUSSIAN OIL AND GAS COOPERATION: The Reality and Implications. By Keun-Wook Paik. Oxford: University of Oxford Press for the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, 2012. xxx, 506 pp. (Tables, figures, maps.) £50.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-19-965635-6. Reviewed by Roman V. Sidortsov

RE-SHAPING EDUCATION FOR CITIZENSHIP: Democratic National Citizenship in Hong Kong. By Pak-sang Lai and Michael Byram. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012. 257 pp. (Tables.) US$59.99, cloth. ISBN 978-1-4438-3531-2. Reviewed by Wing-Wah Law

EATING BITTERNESS: Stories from the Front Lines of China’s Great Urban Migration. By Michelle Dammon Loyalka. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012. 264 pp. (Maps, B&W photos.) US$29.95, cloth. ISBN 978-0-520-26650-6. Reviewed by Grace Huang

BEYOND SUFFERING: Recounting War in Modern China. Contemporary Chinese Studies. Edited by James Flath and Norman Smith. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2011. xix, 306 pp. (Tables, figures.) C$34.95, paper. ISBN 978- 0-7748-1956-5. Reviewed by Kenneth M. Swope

GOURMETS IN THE LAND OF FAMINE: The Culture and Politics of Rice in Modern Canton. By Seung-joon Lee. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011. xviii, 300 pp. (Tables, figures, maps.) US$55.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-8047-7226-6. Reviewed by Tomoko Shiroyama

AN UNFINISHED REPUBLIC: Leading by Word and Deed in Modern China. By David Strand. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. xiv, 387 pp. (Figures.) US$65.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-520-26736-7. Reviewed by Richard S. Horowitz

Northeast Asia

RESEARCHING TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY JAPAN: New Directions and Approaches for the Electronic Age. Edited by Timothy Iles and Peter Matanle. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2012. xvi, 365 pp. (Tables, figures, B&W photos.) US$85.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-7391-7014-4. Reviewed by Ken Coates

BONES OF CONTENTION: Animals and Religion in Contemporary Japan. By Barbara R. Ambros. Honolulu, University of Hawai‘i Press, 2012. xi, 265 pp. (Illus.) US$29.00 paper. ISBN 978-0-8248-3674-0. Reviewed by Aaron Skabelund

DRAWING ON TRADITION: Manga, Anime, and Religion in Contemporary Japan. By Jolyon Baraka Thomas. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2012. xiv, 199 pp. (Figures.) US$25.00, paper. ISBN 978-0- 8248-3654-2. Reviewed by Michael Newton

POP CULTURE AND THE EVERYDAY IN JAPAN: Sociological Perspectives. Japanese Society Series. Edited by Katsuya Minamida and Izumi Tsuji; translated by Leonie R. Stickland. Melbourne: Trans Pacific Press; Portland, OR: Distributed by International Specialized Book Services, 2012. xxii, 299 pp. (Tables, figures.) US$34.95, paper. ISBN 978-1-92090-145-5. Reviewed by Brian J. McVeigh

SCREENING ENLIGHTENMENT: Hollywood and the Cultural Reconstruction of Defeated Japan. The United States in the World. By Hiroshi Kitamura. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2010. xiv, 263 pp. (Tables, figures.) US$35.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-8014-4599-6. Reviewed by Harald Salomon

JAPANESE CINEMA IN THE DIGITAL AGE. By Mitsuyo Wada-Marciano. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2012. xi, 178 pp. (Figures.) US$47.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-8248-3594-1. Reviewed by Marc Steinberg

TROPICS OF SAVAGERY: The Culture of Japanese Empire in Comparative Frame. Asia Pacific Modern, 5. By Robert Thomas Tierney. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010. xi, 307 pp. US$49.95, cloth. ISBN 978-0-520-26578-3. Reviewed by Lung-chih Chang

TRANSNATIONAL SPORT: Gender, Media, and Global Korea. By Rachael Miyung Joo. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2012. xii, 336 pp. (Figures.) US$25.95, paper. ISBN 978-0-8223-4856-6. Reviewed by Joanna Elfving-Hwang

NORTH KOREA IN TRANSITION: Politics, Economy, and Society. Edited by Kyung-Ae Park and Scott Snyder. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2013. xvi, 312 pp. (Figures, tables.) US$80.00, cloth. ISBN 978-1-4422-1812-3. Reviewed by Robert E. Kelly

South Asia

SOUTH ASIAN SECURITY: 21st Century Discourses. Routledge Contemporary South Asia Series, 51. Edited by Sagarika Dutt and Alok Bansal. London and New York: Routledge, 2012. xii, 286 pp. (Tables, maps.) US$145.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-415-61891-5. Reviewed by Sukh Deo Muni

PRINCELY INDIA RE-IMAGINED: A Historical Anthropology of Mysore from 1799 to the Present. Routledge/Edinburgh South Asian Studies Series. By Aya Ikegame. New York; London: Routledge, 2012, xvi, 212 pp. (Tables, figures, maps.) US$145.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-415-55449-7. Reviewed by Robin Jeffrey

EVERYDAY ETHNICITY IN SRI LANKA: Up-Country Tamil Identity Politics. Routledge Contemporary South Asia Series, 61. By Daniel Bass. London; New York: Routledge, 2013. xvii, 228 pp. (Table, figures, maps, B&W photos.) US$135.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-415-52624-1. Reviewed by Bart Klem

Southeast Asia

HARD INTERESTS, SOFT ILLUSIONS: Southeast Asia and American Power. By Natasha Hamilton-Hart. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2012. x, 243 pp. (Tables.) US$39.95, cloth. ISBN 978-0-8014-5054-9. Reviewed by Tony Day

THE SPIRIT OF THINGS: Materiality and Religious Diversity in Southeast Asia. Studies on Southeast Asia, 58. Editor, Julius Bautista. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Southeast Asia Program Publications, 2012. x, 220 pp. (Figures.) US$31.95, paper. ISBN 978-0-87727-758-3. Reviewed by Justin McDaniel

CHANGING WORLDS: Vietnam’s Transition from Cold War to Globalization. By David W.P. Elliott. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. xviii, 408 pp. (Figures.) US$49.95, cloth. ISBN 978-0-19-538334-8. Reviewed by Benedict J. Tria Kerkvliet

LỤC XÌ: Prostitution and Venereal Disease in Colonial Hanoi. Southeast Asia: Politics, Meaning, and Memory Series. By Vũ Trọng Phụng; translated, with an introduction, by Shaun Kingsley Malarney. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2011. x, 176 pp. (B&W photos.) US$45.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0-8248-3467-8. Reviewed by Lisa Drummond

THE GIFT OF FREEDOM: War, Debt, and Other Refugee Passages. Next Wave: New Directions in Women’s Studies. By Mimi Thi Nguyen. Durham: Duke University Press, 2012. xvi, 276 pp. (Illus.) US$23.95, paper. ISBN 978-0-8223-5239-6. Reviewed by Thy Phu

AID DEPENDENCE IN CAMBODIA: How Foreign Assistance Undermines Democracy. By Sophal Ear. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013. xviii, 185 pp. (Figures, tables.) US$50.00, cloth. ISBN 978-0- 231-16112-1. Reviewed by D. Gordon Longmuir

THE BUDDHA ON MECCA’S VERANDAH: Encounters, Mobilities, and Histories Along the Malyasian-Thai Border. Critical Dialogues in Southeast Asian Studies. By Irving Chan Johnson. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2012. xxii, 223 pp. (maps, B&W photos.) US $70.00, cloth. ISBN: 978-0-295-99203-7. Reviewed by Mary Beth Mills

THE POLITICS OF TIMOR-LESTE: Democratic Consolidation After Intervention. Studies on Southeast Asia, no. 59. Editors, Michael Leach and Damien Kingsbury. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, Southeast Asia Program Publications, 2013. vii, 277 pp. (Tables.) US$23.95, paper. ISBN 978-0-87727- 759-0. Reviewed by Gerry van Klinken

POWER, CHANGE, AND GENDER RELATIONS IN RURAL JAVA: A Tale of Two Villages. Ohio University Research in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series, no. 125. By Ann R. Tickamyer and Siti Kusujiarti. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2012. xxiii, 246 pp. (Maps, tables, photos.) US$29.95, paper. ISBN 978-0-89680-284-1. Reviewed by Rebecca Elmhirst

Australasia and the Pacific Islands

ALOHA AMERICA: Hula Circuits Through the U.S. Empire. By Adria L. Imada. Durham: Duke University Press, 2012. xiv, 374 pp. (Figures.) US$24.95, paper. ISBN 978-0-8223-5207-5. Reviewed by Miriam Kahn

SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: Other Paths for Papua New Guinea. Writing Past Colonialism. By Paul James et al. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2012. xix, 462 pp. (tables, B&W photos.) US$27.00, paper. ISBN 978-0-8248-3640-5. Reviewed by Laura Zimmer-Tamakoshi

PARI HANUA: An Appreciation of the Traditional, Colonial and Modern Life of a Papuan Village, Inspired by 50 Years of Contact and 6 Years of Residence. By Ian Maddocks. Port Moresby: University of Papua New Guinea Press and Bookshop; Oakland, CA: Masalai Press (distributor), 2012. iii, 220 pp. (Figures, plates.) US$34.95, paper. ISBN 978-9980-945-79-2. Reviewed by Michael Goddard

THE GILBERT ISLANDS IN WORLD WAR TWO. By Peter McQuarrie. Oakland, CA: Masalai Press, 2012. x, 277 pp. (Maps, figures.) US$29.95, paper. ISBN 978-0-9714127-8-1. Reviewed by Glenn Petersen

Documentary Film Reviews

TALES OF THE WARIA. Written, produced and directed by Kathy Huang; a co-production of the Independent Television Service (ITVS) with assistance from the Center for Asian American Media; editor, Carla Gutierrez. Harriman, NY: distributed by Transit Media Communications, 2011. 1 DVD (56 min.) In Indonesian with English subtitles. Colleges/Universities, US$295.00; High Schools/Public Libraries, US$100.00; Home use, US$25.00. Url:

CHILDREN OF SRIKANDI. Directed by The Children of Srikandi Collective; produced by Laura Coppens and Angelika Levi. Berlin: Srikandi Films; Celestefilm, 2012. 1 DVD (75 mins.) Institutions, US$295.00; home use, US$29.99.

Jointly reviewed by Intan Paramaditha






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